1. Cellular Health Maintenance: MDPs play a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and balance of cells. They contribute to mitochondrial fusion and fission, processes that enable damaged mitochondria to heal and maintain their functionality.
2. Mitochondrial Quality Control: MDPs are involved in mitophagy, a process where damaged or dysfunctional mitochondria are selectively removed to maintain the integrity and functionality of the mitochondrial network.
3. Oxidative Stress Response: MDPs help combat oxidative stress, a cellular imbalance between the production of ROS and the ability of cells to detoxify them. By reducing oxidative stress, MDPs protect cells from damage and promote their proper functioning.
4. Metabolic Regulation: MDPs influence various metabolic processes, including energy metabolism, insulin sensitivity, and nutrient utilization. They help maintain metabolic homeostasis, ensuring efficient energy production and utilization within the cell.
5. Cellular Signaling: MDPs participate in cellular signaling pathways, influencing gene expression and protein synthesis. They can modulate cellular responses to stress, inflammation, and other environmental cues.
6. Neuroprotection: MDPs have shown promising effects in protecting neurons from damage and promoting their survival. They may have implications in neurodegenerative diseases and age-related cognitive decline.